Peanut is a familiar nut to all of us. It’s an oval-shaped nut that has a thin maroon coloured layer. Peanut usually grows underground. It grows in pairs inside a brown crusty shell. Peanut is also called ground nut, monkey nut, Pindar or goober. Its scientific name is Arachis hypogaea.
Peanut usually grows in tropical and subtropical regions. Best soil for growing peanuts is sandy with a pH of 5.9-7.0 and it grows best under sunlight.
Peanut is rich in protein and carbohydrates. It also contains an exorbitant amount of fat and other minerals. It also contains various antioxidants and bioactive plant compounds. Therefore, it is healthy, but it also causes allergies to many people at the same time. Peanut butter is a famous food to all of us and it is also delicious at the same time. Peanut is also classified as oilseeds. Peanut oil or arachis oil is also useful.
Must Known Facts about Peanut:
Peanuts are certainly a fabulous source of carbohydrates, protein and minerals. So, they are certainly nutritious for health. But peanut protein is not suitable for all people. Some people have allergies on peanut proteins. Peanut has both useful and harmful effects on all. Peanut is not a true nut but it is classified as nut. Here we’re showing some must known facts about peanut-
- Peanut is not a true nut. It is familiar to south America. It improves soil fertility as it needs less nitrogen containing fertiliser. Peanut husks are developed underneath. Peanut pods usually contain four seeds and these are usually 3 to 7 centimeters long.
- Peanut is not a true nut because a true nut’s ovary shell becomes hard at maturity.
- Peanut is hybridised by two wild species Arachis duranensis and Arachis ipaensis. The Arachis genus is mainly native to South America.
- The oldest studied archeological remains of husks have been dated at about seven thousand six hundred years ago. It was a wild species that had been cultivated.
- Peanut was first found in Peru. It was laid out worldwide by European traders. Peanut is grown the most in United states among Anglosphere countries.
- Peanut plant grows 30 to 50 centimetres tall. Peanut flowers are orange and yellow.
- Peanut is nutritious for health in many ways. It’s helpful for cardiac disease. It also prevents many diseases and also develops our health.
- Peanut shell is its outer cover, and this shell protects the cotyledons from dirt and germs.
- Peanut produce best in soil with a pH of 5.9 to 7.0. It grows best in the sunlight. The production of peanut was about 49 million tonnes in 2019. China produced the largest number of peanut and it was about 17.5 million tonnes. The next producer of the largest number of peanut was India and she produced about 7 million tonnes peanut.
- Peanut is used to make soap and many cosmetics. We use peanut oil in painting, varnishing, leather dressing, etc.
- Peanut shell is also useful in many ways such as manufacturing plastic, wallboard, cellulose, fuel, etc. It is light brown.
Top 10 Health Benefits of Peanut:
Peanut is really nutritious for health as it comprises many vitamins, proteins and mineral. It reduces the risk of many diseases. Peanut is good for cardiac health and it also helps to lose body weight. It also reduces the risk of cancer. It comprises a high quality of protein. Peanut also contains high calories. Also peanut comprises low carbs. Therefore, it is a certain that peanut is really good for health.
- Preventing Cardiac Disease:
Consuming peanut at a certain amount is really beneficial for heart health. Peanut has many nutritious elements, such as magnesium, copper, oleic acid, niacin. It also contains many antioxidants like resveratrol. All these elements are good for health. They reduce the risk of cardiac disease at the same time develop a healthy heart health. It helps to reduce cholesterol as it has fibre healthy oil and protein. So peanut is definitely healthy for cardiac health.
- Reducing the Risk of Cancer:
Research says that consuming peanut thrice a week reduces the risk of having cancer about 58% for both men and women. Peanut consists a rich amount of beta sit sterol. It prevents the risk of tumour growth in the body. It prevents the tumours from growing special breast cancers and cervical.
- Boosting Memory:
Peanut helps to increase the blood flow in brain. It improves the functionality of brain. Peanut is a rich source of niacin and vitamin B3. These are certainly helpful for the blood circulation of brain and therefore it helps in boosting memories.
- Preventing Hair Loss:
Peanut has a good amount of vitamin C. Vitamin C helps to boost the immune system and prevents hair loss or baldness. Consuming peanut regularly increases the manufacturing of collagen. It helps to strengthen hair follicles and helps to develop a healthy hair growth.
- Helping to Lose Weight:
Peanut is a wonderful source of fibre, protein and fat. These help to develop a healthy health. These also help to keep people satiated for a long time. Peanut increases metabolic energy. It also helps to provide instant energy and prevents overeating. Also, the eligible oil and protein of peanut help to lose weight. It also reduces cholesterol from body. Therefore, peanut helps in lowering body weight.
- Helping in Child’s Growth:
Peanut is a rich source of many nutritious elements and protein. Consuming peanuts regularly help develop healthy bone and muscle. It helps in boosting metabolic activity. It also helps in digesting. Peanut helps in forming stronger bones and building muscles as it has high protein and other nutritious elements.
- Helping to Get a Better Skin:
Consuming peanut regularly helps to get a vibrant glow to the skin. The nutritious monounsaturated fat resveratrol are present in this peanut. This helps to prevent excess formation of sebum oil. It also prevents breakout of acnes and pimple. Peanut consists vitamin C and vitamin E. These prevent signs of aging. These also prevent fine lines and wrinkles.
- Preventing Alzheimer’s Disease:
Peanut contains vital nutrients such as protein, vitamin E, niacin etc. It contains healthy fatty acid as well. All these nutritious elements help to prevent age related conflicts and Alzheimer’s diseases. It also strengthens cognition and wards off signs of dementia.
- Treating Gallstones:
Consuming peanut regularly reduces the risk of gallstones. Research from Harvard university says that consuming 5 peanuts a day may reduce the risk of gallstones formation.
- Controlling Diabetes:
Peanut helps to lower blood sugar. Each 100 gram peanut contains 21% of manganese that helps to absorb calcium and reduce blood sugar. That’s y consuming peanut helps to control diabetes.
Nutrition facts of peanuts (Per Serving):
- Calories 567
- Total fat 49 gram (75%)
- Saturated fat 7 gram
- Polyunsaturated fat 16 gram
- Monounsaturated fat 24 gram
- Cholesterol 0 mg
- Sodium 18 mg
- Potassium 705 mg
- Total carbohydrate 16 g
- Dietary fibre 9 gram
- Sugar 4 gram
- Protein 26 gram
- Vitamin A 0%
- Vitamin C 0%
- Vitamin D 0%
- Vitamin B-6 15%
- Calcium 9%
- Cobalamin 0%
- Iron 25%
- Magnesium 42%
Types of Peanuts:
There are various types of peanuts. Peanut has four basic market types varieties. These are Runner, Spanish, Virginia and Valencia. These varieties are peculiar in flavours, sizes and nutritious values. They mainly produced runners in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Oklahoma and Texas. Around 54 per cent of Runner are used to make peanut butter. It is very famous worldwide because of its uniform kernel size. They mainly produced Virginia in Southeastern Virginia, South Carolina and Northeastern north Carolina. It contains the largest kernels. Farmers grow Virginia in Oklahoma and Texas. These peanuts have smaller kernels. They cover these kernels with reddish brown skin. Spanish type peanuts are mainly used to make peanut candies and peanut butter. They contain an outrageous amount of peanut oil. Valencia is one of the sweetest peanuts. They usually grow in new Mexico.
Risks of Consuming too Many Peanuts:
Many people have allergies in peanut protein. It may cause skin irritation, runny nose, swelling and redness in skin, etc. It may also cause digestive problems such as diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. Peanut consists of too much sodium that may cause high blood pressure. Also, the excessive fat and high calories containing in peanut may cause weight gaining. Peanut balances incorrect omega fatty acid. It increases insulin resistance and causes weight gaining. Roasted peanut contain more fat and calories that regular peanut or soaked peanut. It also causes weight gaining.
Best Ways to Eat Peanut:
The tastiest way to eat peanut is roasting it with salt. Peanut butter is also a delicious and healthy way to eat peanut. Boiled peanuts are a popular snack in Asian countries such as India, China. They are also popular in West Africa and Southern United states. We use peanut flour in gluten-free foods. Peanut are popular in Mexican and Peruvian cuisine. A dish called Picante de cuy made with peanut in very popular in Peru. Peanut bar is a tasty snack known to all. Peanuts are excessively used in Spanish cuisine as well. Crunchy coated peanuts are a famous snack in Israel. We use widely peanuts in Southeast Asia Cuisines. Many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam use peanut to make a spicy sauce. Roasted and salted peanuts are an inexpensive snack in Philippines. In Canada and united states, people use peanuts to make desserts, biscuits and cakes. Boiled peanut with salt or roasted peanuts are a popular snack in India. Indians sometimes use chili powder in boiled peanut to make it more flavour some. Indian cuisines use crushed or roasted peanut in salad dressings to add a crunchy texture in it. Peanut oil is used to cook various foods and it is healthy as well.
Frequently Asked Question about Peanut:
Question: Are Peanuts Good for Health?
Answer: Peanut contains a high amount of protein and many nitrous elements like magnesium, iron, vitamin B-6, niacin etc. Which are healthy and nutritious for health. So peanuts are definitely good for health.
Question: Are Peanuts Suitable for all Kinds of People?
Answer: Peanut protein is not suitable for all kinds of people. Some people might have allergies on peanut protein, which may cause skin irritations, rashes, etc. So peanuts are not suitable for all people.
Question: Is Peanut Good for Cardiac Health:
Answer: Peanut helps to reduce cholesterol. It contains many important elements such as niacin, oleic acid. Which helps to prevent the risk of heart attack and other cardiac diseases. So peanut is definitely good for cardiac health.
Question: How much Amount of Peanut can a Person Take Regularly?
Answer: A healthy person can take 1 to 2 ounces of peanut in a day if he has no allergy symptoms in peanut proteins.
Question: Is Peanut Helpful for Boosting up Memories?
Answer: Peanut helps to increase the blood flow in our brain. It contains niacin and vitamin B-6 which are helpful for brain. So, peanut is helpful for boosting up memories.